PAST EVENT: Embassy Receives Folk Costume Gift

Publicated on: November 29, 2012

An exquisite folk costume from the Hungarian town of Kalocsa was gifted to the Embassy yesterday by Mrs. Zsuzsanna K. Zaffere in memory of her parents. The folk costume will be exhibited in the Embassy ballroom.

Embroidery has a long tradition in Kalocsa. In the 19th century, it became an industry, when wealthier members of the middle class demanded nicely decorated garments and linen for themselves and their homes. Embroidery, cutwork and appliqué were the favorite techniques for making everyday garments more appealing. In the towns and villages around Kalocsa, the local folk motives were favored. And so, from the 19th century, embroidery became a traditional employment for women in the Kalocsa region. From 1912, yarns with fast colors became available, and Kalocsa embroidery started becoming colorful after the First World War. With the availability of sewing machines, a separate industry of machine embroidery developed in Kalocsa, known as Richelieu embroidery. This form of embroidery makes the surface of the material resemble lacework.